When Jung was developing his theory of psychological archetypes in the 1920s, he considered the relation between the individual and his environment as one of the characteristic factors.
He distinguished extraversion, oriented towards the outside, and introversion, oriented towards the inside. The distinction between the two lies in the gradations in preference: An extravert can therefore also occasionally display introverted tendencies, and vice versa.
Extraverts are assumed to form the majority (65%) in the United States. This is why many people associate introversion with being a disorder, having a lack of communication skills, displaying anti-social behaviour, being depressed, and the like.
Introversion occurs much more frequently (50% and more) in XIPs but in various guises:
- On the one hand the “normal” introversion, i.e. a strong tendency to look inwards, from “still waters run deep” to noticeable shyness in company;
- On the other hand, a strong intuition or a sensual extra receptivity can lead to introverted characteristics, while the person in question is fond of the company of others – something that is typically linked to extraversion.
The effect of intuition
Many XIPs are equipped with a strongly developed intuition so that they are able to assess the moods prevailing within a group of people at a certain time. They may find it difficult to cope with this, either due to the amount of information or the type of information they are picking up on. It is as if they are being filled with impressions, or they lose contact with themselves as a result of all the information that is reaching them. In other words, they have the need to isolate themselves in order to assimilate all these impressions, or to get back into contact with their own energy supply.
This is the behaviour that is generally associated with introversion and when completing assessment questionnaires, this leads to the conclusion that one is introverted. If the person involved indicates appreciation of the company of others and after “recharging the batteries” immediately goes in search of company, then we can talk of an extraverted need. This should lead to a different conclusion about possible career paths, one of the reasons to consider this facet more closely with XIPs.
- An extravert has the need to exchange ideas with more than one person. This is not a sign of “unfaithfulness” or a lack of self-confidence;
- Do not embarrass an introvert in public.
Be aware that introverted discretion can be experienced and interpreted as scheming behaviour by an extravert.
- Many of the differences can be explained by a preference for
much, often, broad and immediately, versus
little, now and then, deep, and after a break.
Give each other space, or allocate the roles in such a way that both parties benefit;